This paper was originally reviewed and published in the Meta Research Bulletin, Volume 10, Number 3, September 15, by Meta Research, Inc, a scientific non-profit corporation dedicated to supporting promising but unpopular alternative ideas in astronomy. The Great Pyramid at Giza Abstract:
This essay discusses some of the major advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy. Nuclear power is generated using Uranium, a mineral of which one of the isotopes, U- is unstable.
The nucleus breaks down resulting in the emission of heat and radiation followed by a chain reaction. This is called nuclear fission and this process liberates a large amount of energy, but the process also releases radiation which is very dangerous.
What are the Advantages of Nuclear Energy? Clean Energy Nuclear energy has the ability to produce electricity without greenhouse gas emissions. It produces electricity without pollution. It is cleaner than many other forms of energy production. High Quantities Nuclear reaction releases a million times more energy, as compared to hydro or wind energy.
Large quantity of energy is generated from a single nuclear power plant. High Reserves Nuclear reactors make use of uranium as fuel and produces huge amounts of energy from small amounts of uranium.
The Earth has the high reserves of uranium. Current estimates put the uranium supply as enough to last for 30 to 60 years. Moreover other fuel cycles like Thorium are available for power generation.
Whereas, oil reserves and other fossil type fuels are likely to run out shortly. Reliability Nuclear power plants operate reliably and have a continuous output of power. The plants do not generally face operations and maintenance problems.
This is a contrast to other alternative energies which depend on the activity of the weather. Low Operating cost Although nuclear power reactors are expensive to build, they are relatively cheap to operate.
Fuel is inexpensive and a plant can be operated by small number of people, approximately 10 people.
Concentration The nuclear energy is by far the most concentrated form of energy, so it can be produced in large quantities over short periods of time. Low Waste Produces small amounts of waste and waste is more compact. Cheap Nuclear energy produces electricity at a competitive price and is generally comparable in output to coal plants.
Location A nuclear plant is not dependant on local sources like oil and coal and can be set up in any part of the globe. It also does not require a lot of space and so can be placed in already developed areas and the power does not have to be transferred over long distances.
What are the Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy? Nuclear Weapons Threat It has potential nuclear proliferation issues. Some reactors produce plutonium which can be used to make nuclear weapons.
Nuclear weapons are a major threat to the world as they can cause a large-scale devastation. High Capital Intensive Nuclear Plants require a high level of technology and a major initial capital investment. Its abandonment cost is also very high. Long Gestation Period It takes a long time to build, about years to develop a single plant.
Radioactive Waste There are issues with management of radioactive waste. The spent fuel is highly radioactive and has to be carefully stored for many years after use.
A solution to the waste management problem needs to be explored and developed. Non-renewable energy Nuclear energy is an alternative energy but not a renewable energy as Uranium is a non-renewable source and its supplies are limited.Overview. The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant comprised six separate boiling water reactors originally designed by General Electric (GE) and maintained by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO).
At the time of the Tōhoku earthquake on 11 March , Reactors 4, 5, and 6 were shut down in preparation for re-fueling. However, their spent fuel pools still required cooling. Abstract. The advent of agriculture has ushered in an unprecedented increase in the human population and their domesticated animals.
Farming catalyzed our transformation from primitive hunter-gatherers to sophisticated urban dwellers in just 10, years. Overview. The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant comprised six separate boiling water reactors originally designed by General Electric (GE) and maintained by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO).
At the time of the Tōhoku earthquake on 11 March , Reactors 4, 5, and 6 were shut down in preparation for re-fueling. However, their . Violet Club was the first high yield weapon deployed by the British, and was intended to provide an emergency capability until a thermonuclear weapon could be developed from the Christmas Island thermonuclear tests known as Operation Grapple.
After the Americans tested a thermonuclear weapon in , followed by the Soviets with Joe 4, and before the UK government took a decision in July Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.
For some good general notes on designing spacecraft in general, read Rick Robinson's Rocketpunk Manifesto essay on Spaceship Design Also worth reading are Rick's essays on constructing things in space and the price of a spaceship.
For some good general notes on making a fusion powered spacecraft, you might want to read Application of Recommended Design Practices for Conceptual Nuclear.